Double Pneumonia in Senior Citizens
In most cases, double pneumonia in the elderly begins with the appearance of one or more affected segments and the formation of a lesion that completely covers the lungs. Inflammation of the lungs in older people can occur in different scenarios. If an elderly person is weakened by chronic diseases (diabetes, etc.), they may have migratory pneumonia – the inflammatory process moves from one lobe to another and thus covers both parts. A rather frequent complication is the formation of pus in the pleural cavity. Purulent arthritis, inflammation of the heart muscle, or blood poisoning are often diagnosed.
If the lungs of older people were attacked by an acute form of inflammation, then other complications such as reactive pleurisy can occur, accompanied by stagnation of venous blood and impaired functioning of the body’s lymphatic system. Pulmonary edema is a very dangerous disorder that requires urgent attention. The treatment can be carried out for an extended duration with the use of antibacterial drugs.
If the lungs in the elderly have suffered an infection, then it is necessary to determine its origin in order to prescribe effective drugs. However, in practice, this is not always possible (and even samples taken do not identify the causes in about one out of every five patients), and the patient’s condition can quickly deteriorate to a critical one, so often an elderly person starts taking medication without waiting for the results of a microbiological study. In most cases, for the treatment of pneumonia in the elderly, combination therapy is applied, including one drug from the group of macrolides and aminopenicillins or cephalosporins.
Most often, an elderly person may undergo outpatient treatment that might last for about two to three weeks. In difficult cases, when there are symptoms like confusion, fever, rapid heartbeat, shortness of breath and jumps in the blood pressure, an elderly person might require hospitalization. Inflammation of the lungs in old age and its prevention:
An elderly person should always keep their feet warm and wear high-quality shoes so that they do not freeze and get wet. If this happens, then you need to immediately take a hot foot bath.
- To maintain excellent physical shape, try to walk barefoot in the fresh air.
- Forget about stresses, throw them out of your life. Try to get only pleasant, positive emotions.
- Lastly, completely give up on bad habits. Avoid alcoholic beverages as much as possible.
- Follow the diet – an elderly person should receive all the necessary minerals and vitamins from their daily diet.
- Allergy sufferers should not be exposed to allergens.
- During periods of massive infectious diseases, get vaccinated to minimize the risk of pneumonia.
- It is necessary to provide good care for the elderly who’s bedridden due to pneumonia.
Supplements for Elderly As a Coverage Option: Called as Medicare supplement plans, they allow older folks in USA to cover costs which are not covered by Traditional Medicare.